March 13, 2014

100-101 braindumps 70-410 050-SEPROAUTH-02 200-120 MB2-703 070-462 70-462 70-461 070-410 JN0-102 200-120 MB2-703 070-462 70-462 70-461 070-410 JN0-102 70-411 70-480 C4090-958 70-483 EX300 070-461 MB2-702 070-410 JN0-102 70-411 C_TADM51_731 C4090-958 70-483 EX300 070-461 MB2-702 MB7-702 220-802 400-101 EX300 070-461 MB2-702 MB7-702 220-802 400-101 646-206 700-501 70-480 C4040-108 MB2-701 070-411 100-101 640-554 700-505 70-457 70-460 C2150-197 EX0-001 070-243 70-466 C_THR12_66 C4040-225 1Z0-061 70-347 C4090-452 VCP-550 070-177 070-412 70-417 70-463 70-488 C_HANATEC131 C2090-303 C2090-614 70-331 MB5-705 070-247 070-347 070-463 300-206 70-243 74-325 C2020-622 C2030-283 C2090-540 C2180-278 HP0-J73 ICBB 070-246 070-341 070-417 070-457 070-458 1Z0-481 1Z0-599 300-207 70-246 70-414 A00-240 C_TAW12_731 C4030-670 C4040-224 C4090-450 C4120-783 EX200 MB2-700 MB3-700 MB6-869 OG0-093 VCP-510 VCP550 070-178 070-331 070-467 070-667 070-684 070-687 1Z0-051 1Z0-060 1Z0-478 1Z0-485 1Z0-897 200-120 220-801 500-201 70-346 70-412 70-458 70-486 820-421 820-422 C2170-008 C2180-275 C2180-276 C4040-123 JN0-343 M70-201 M70-301 NS0-504 70-410 PW0-204 3001 050-720 070-480 070-487 1Z0-062 1Z0-597 1Z0-899 250-310 350-018 400-051 70-178 70-331 70-413 70-465 70-467 70-484 70-485 74-338 74-344 810-420 98-367 C_HANASUP_1 C_TSCM52_66 C2010-571 C2040-988 C4040-226 C4120-782 CISSP CPCM M70-101 MB6-700 MB7-701 VCAD510 3605 7303 000-563 070-337 070-414 070-459 070-460 070-466 070-483 070-685 074-338 101-01 117-101 1Y0-370 1Z0-144 1Z0-507 1Z0-519" rel="bookmark">Organic Farming: Is It Mainlining Joy? 100-101 braindumps 70-410 050-SEPROAUTH-02 200-120 MB2-703 070-462 70-462 70-461 070-410 JN0-102 200-120 MB2-703 070-462 70-462 70-461 070-410 JN0-102 70-411 70-480 C4090-958 70-483 EX300 070-461 MB2-702 070-410 JN0-102 70-411 C_TADM51_731 C4090-958 70-483 EX300 070-461 MB2-702 MB7-702 220-802 400-101 EX300 070-461 MB2-702 MB7-702 220-802 400-101 646-206 700-501 70-480 C4040-108 MB2-701 070-411 100-101 640-554 700-505 70-457 70-460 C2150-197 EX0-001 070-243 70-466 C_THR12_66 C4040-225 1Z0-061 70-347 C4090-452 VCP-550 070-177 070-412 70-417 70-463 70-488 C_HANATEC131 C2090-303 C2090-614 70-331 MB5-705 070-247 070-347 070-463 300-206 70-243 74-325 C2020-622 C2030-283 C2090-540 C2180-278 HP0-J73 ICBB 070-246 070-341 070-417 070-457 070-458 1Z0-481 1Z0-599 300-207 70-246 70-414 A00-240 C_TAW12_731 C4030-670 C4040-224 C4090-450 C4120-783 EX200 MB2-700 MB3-700 MB6-869 OG0-093 VCP-510 VCP550 070-178 070-331 070-467 070-667 070-684 070-687 1Z0-051 1Z0-060 1Z0-478 1Z0-485 1Z0-897 200-120 220-801 500-201 70-346 70-412 70-458 70-486 820-421 820-422 C2170-008 C2180-275 C2180-276 C4040-123 JN0-343 M70-201 M70-301 NS0-504 70-410 PW0-204 3001 050-720 070-480 070-487 1Z0-062 1Z0-597 1Z0-899 250-310 350-018 400-051 70-178 70-331 70-413 70-465 70-467 70-484 70-485 74-338 74-344 810-420 98-367 C_HANASUP_1 C_TSCM52_66 C2010-571 C2040-988 C4040-226 C4120-782 CISSP CPCM M70-101 MB6-700 MB7-701 VCAD510 3605 7303 000-563 070-337 070-414 070-459 070-460 070-466 070-483 070-685 074-338 101-01 117-101 1Y0-370 1Z0-144 1Z0-507 1Z0-519

Angela Smith

Angela Smith

Project Adviser

Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future

Good garlic on Angela's farm

Good garlic on Angela’s farm

Last week I had the great good fortune to attend the Midwest Organic & Sustainable Education Service (MOSES) conference in La Crosse, Wisconsin. The conference was a gathering of young and old, men and women, experienced farmers, and those new to the game, all united in their belief that we can have an agricultural system that nurtures land and people rather than the current industrial model that tends to favor profit above all else. Workshops ranged from soil science to permaculture to weed prevention to food safety to food storage to consumer perceptions to, well… you name it. For those of you who are easily excited about dirt and trees and livestock, this is your conference. One woman I sat next to at lunch said that she comes to the MOSES gathering each year because “It’s like mainlining joy.”

Incredibly, it is conceivable that nearly 10 percent of all the organic farmers in the United States were at the MOSES conference last week, a conference that drew around 3,000 people. Mark Sheperd, a permaculture farmer who wrote the book, Restoration Agriculture – Real World Permaculture for Farmers, gave a keynote address in which he told us that only 1 percent of 1 percent of American farmers are organic. That’s only 31,000 farmers out of about 2 million. In my now-home state of Minnesota, there were a mere 650 organic producers farming 154,000 acres in 2010. Compare that with 81,000 farms totaling nearly 27 million acres in the entire state. Although my camp is clearly in the minority, the good news is that our numbers are steadily increasing. There was a 64 percent jump in the number of organic farms in Minnesota between 2000 and 2010. That’s a huge increase, even though the absolute number of organic operations remains small. When MOSES started hosting its conference 25 years ago, 90 people showed up. Last week, the convention center was bursting at the seams.

Organic farmers are on the march. The desert brought about by industrial agriculture is beginning to flourish.

What has led so many new farmers to choose sustainable agriculture over conventional? Why are conventional farmers transitioning to organic? Well, for one, the market is there. Consumer research firms have found that between 70 and 75 percent of Americans from all income and ethnic groups buy organic products. And while organic only accounts for  4 percent of all food sold in the U.S., it’s the only sector of the food market that is increasing. In some places, small-scale, organic farmers can’t keep up with the demand. It’s wonderful that so many hospitals, universities, and other institutions have realized the benefits of purchasing sustainable food grown closer to home, but there simply isn’t enough of that food to go around just yet. And the demand is only going to increase. Another conference keynote speaker, Alan Guebert, author of the syndicated column, “The Farm and Food File,” referred to a lecture recently given at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln. The speaker, Dr. Robert Paalburg (author of Food Politics: What Everyone Needs to Know) told the audience there that he hasn’t met one student in the classes he teaches at Harvard and Emory who thinks anything done by Big Ag is good. Not one student. Incidentally, this generation of students – part of the Millennial generation – are soon set to outnumber the Baby Boomers. These young adults already have considerable purchasing power; just think about when they graduate and get “real jobs.” They also care about where their food comes from.

Second, for me anyway, organic is just a lot more interesting than conventional. I’m not saying that there isn’t a considerable amount of know-how that goes into planting commodity row crops and figuring out how to get the best yields possible. Farmers in general are a pretty smart lot. And obviously, a lot of science has gone into figuring out the chemical formulations behind synthetic pesticides and fertilizers and the creation of GMO crops—but to what end? As Mr. Guebert so eloquently asked of Big Ag, “Is your goal really to produce the cheapest food in the world?” Is “cheap” the best attribute that we have to give to our food? Frugality is a noble goal, sure, but nobody likes a cheapskate.

The goal, of course, should be to grow healthy, high-quality, clean food at a decent profit, and to build community while we’re at it. Farms are not factories. We shouldn’t raise farm animals as if they are mere units of production, or grow zillions of acres of monocrops that destroy the very biodiversity that can assist us in growing good food. Should I choose to do this kind of one-off farming, where the short-term gain is valued above the long-term health of the land, I would be engaged in never-ending problem-solving for problems that could have been avoided in the first place. (Not my idea of a good time!) With organic, there are also a lot of moving pieces to figure out, but organic farmers must learn to work with nature; they cannot rely on petroleum-based chemicals to grow their crops, and they still need to make a living. This requires long, deliberate, and careful observation of soil biology, ecosystems, and all sorts of other complex natural interactions. I suspect that when a farmer bears witness to just how complex, awe-inspiring (and sometimes frightening) nature can be, humility is born. Humility, of course, helps us to understand where we stand in relationship to everything else, and we no longer need to lord it over the natural world. It is this type of thinking that also fosters cooperation and communication among organic farmers. It’s almost as if their observations concerning how all the independent pieces of an ecosystem work together translates into how they interact with each other. It is this kind of work that brings pride and joy to the enterprise of organic farming and makes for such a happy gathering of 3,000 farmers.

Until this conference, I kept thinking that I needed a certain amount of requisite knowledge before I could really start farming in earnest. Now I see more clearly that farming is a process and that learning as you go is half the fun. I also see that I don’t have to start this up alone, and that there is a community of organic farmers ready and happy to lend a hand. I had not realized what a weight it was to think that I would be doing this entirely on my own until that weight was lifted last week. I have glimpsed a strong and growing light at the end of the industrial agricultural tunnel: organic farmers are passionate, active, vocal citizens who are well-organized and leading the charge for change. Industrial agriculture, while not entirely without some merits, has nonetheless brought about some pretty dark days for farming. While surely many challenges remain, the river seems to be parting, pointing us to a healthier way of doing things. Thanks to MOSES for helping to make that happen.

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